FEAST DAY: February 1
DAY OF THE WEEK: Sunday
CANDLE COLOR: Yellow
LEGEND: Daughter of Dubtach, pagan Scottish king of Leinster, and Brocca, a Christian Pictish slave who had been baptized by Saint Patrick. Just before Brigid’s birth, her mother was sold to a Druid landowner. Brigid remained with her mother till she was old enough to serve her legal owner Dubtach, her father.
She grew up marked by her high spirits and tender heart, and as a child, she heard Saint Patrick preach, which she never forgot. She could not bear to see anyone hungry or cold, and to help them, often gave away things that were Dubtach’s. When Dubtach protested, she replied that “Christ dwelt in every creature”. Dubtach tried to sell her to the King of Leinster, and while they bargained, she gave a treasured sword of her father’s to a leper. Dubtach was about to strike her when Brigid explained she had given the sword to God through the leper, because of its great value. The King, a Christian, forbade Dubtach to strike her, saying “Her merit before God is greater than ours”. Dubtach solved this domestic problem by giving Brigid her freedom.
Brigid’s aged mother was in charge of her master’s dairy. Brigid took charge ,and often gave away the produce. But the dairy prospered under her (hence her patronage of milk maids, dairy workers, cattle, etc.), and the Druid freed Brigid’s mother.
Brigid returned to her father, who arranged a marriage for her with a young bard. Bride refused, and to keep her virginity, went to Bishop Mel, a pupil of Saint Patrick’s, and took her first vows. Legend says that she prayed that her beauty be taken from her so no one would seek her hand in marriage; her prayer was granted, and she regained her beauty only after making her vows. Another tale says that when Saint Patrick heard her final vows, he mistakenly used the form for ordaining priests. When told of it he replied, “So be it, my son, she is destined for great things.”
Her first convent started with seven nuns. At the invitation of bishops, she started convents all over Ireland. She was a great traveller, especially considering the conditions of the time, which led to her patronage of travellers, sailors, etc. Brigid invented the double monastery, the monastery of Kildare that she ran on the Liffey river being for both monks and nuns. Saint Conleth became its first bishop; this connection and the installation of a bell that lasted over 1000 years apparently led to her patronage of blacksmiths and those in related fields.
PETITION SAINT BRIGED: for childbirth, protection from fires, fertility, the hearth, healing, physcians, agriculture, animal husbandry, inspiriation, learning, poetry, prophecy, smithcraft, love.
PATRONAGE: babies; blacksmiths; boatmen; cattle; chicken farmers; children whose parents are not married; dairymaids; dairy workers; fugitives; infants; Ireland; Leinster, Ireland; mariners; midwives; milk maids; newborn babies; nuns; poets; poultry farmers; poultry raisers; printing presses; sailors; scholars; travellers; watermen
REPRESENTATION: abbess, usually holding a lamp or candle, often with a cow nearby
From what evidence we have, infused vinegar have existed almost since we first discovered vinegar. It’s so useful by itself, and infusing it increases its effectiveness and potency. Its many functions include:
– beauty regimes
Herb-infused vinegar is natural, organic, non-toxic, inexpensive, traditional technology that used to and still can replace so many of our modern products. They can be full strength for cleaning and disinfect, as an insect discouragement or anti-fungal. With the proper ingredients, they are remarkably effective against bacteria, as well as an efficient cleanser, which leaves a refreshing scent. I personally have used the diluted spray to cure my apple trees of a debilitating fungus that had been plaguing them for years. I also got rid of the aphids on my Virginia Creeper and created a scent barrier against ants getting into my house.
Diluted, often with rosewater, it was used as a cosmetic, to tone the face, clear up eruptions, refresh clothing, and in a sponge nosegay, was kept near the face to ward off the Plague. Certain physicians are still called quacks due to the medieval practice of wearing a duck-like mask with a sponge of aromatic vinegar resting in the beak when visiting areas of contagion. Perhaps it’s currently an insult to call a doctor a quack because it implies their techniques are right out of the Middle Ages.
*It should be used only with extreme caution during pregnancy, * as some of the herbs are abortifacient. I used it when I was pregnant with my son to no ill effects, but I took care not to get any on my skin.
Four Thieves Oil is a very modern invention, and not the same thing at all. It usually contains essential oils of similar herbs, but oils and aqueous infusions do not often share the same properties. It cannot be used for all the same purposes as the vinegar formulations, and are often far more expensive. Though it apparently can be used for similar magical purposes, such as banishment, in Vodun and other systems…
The first actual record we have for the version known as Four Thieves is not medieval. If it is indeed an actual record. Most of the “documentation” is really stories. I will take the liberty to re-post this excellent history. (I’d credit it if I knew the original source, but this exact version is all over the ‘net.) :
“The famous French aromatherapy doctor, Jean Valnet, has two recipes in his book. He claims corpse robbers who were caught red-handed in the area around Toulouse in 1628-1631 revealed the original recipe. His story is the more credible of the many ones can find. Given the virulence and deadliness of the plague, the judges were astonished by the indifference of the thieves to contagion. Valnet quotes the archives of the Parliament of Toulouse:
“During the Great Plague, four robbers were convicted of going to the houses of plague victims, strangling them in their beds and then looting their dwellings. For this, they were condemned to be burned at the stake, and in order to have their sentence mitigated, they revealed their secret preservative, after which they were hanged.”
Here’s one of the versions stated to be original.
Four Thieves Formula
3 pints white wine vinegar
handful juniper berries
handful wild marjoram
2 oz. elecampane root
2 oz. angelica
2 oz. rosemary
2 oz. horehound
3 g camphor
Dr. Valnet has a variation of his own described as an antiseptic vinegar.
40 g. greater wormwood, Artemesia absinthium
40 g. lesser wormwood, Artemesia pontica
40 g. rosemary
40 g. sage
40 g. mint
40 g. rue
40 g. lavender
5 g. calamus
5 g. cinnamon
5 g. clove
5 g. nutmeg
5 g. garlic
10 g. camphor (not synthetic camphor)
40 g. crystallized acetic acid
2500 g. white vinegar
Instructions: steep the plants in the vinegar for 10 days. Force through a sieve. Add the camphor dissolved in the acetic acid; filter.
Years of experimentation using historical and modern recipes have helped create my interpretation of this legendary liquid. My version is an amalgam of several different recipes, taking into account what was commonly available, especially in England, during the medieval period, and what was in my garden fresh. It is a concoction of white wine vinegar steeped in aromatic and antibacterial herbs such as garlic, rue, and wormwood for a number of days, then filtered and used for dilution with water for cleansing the house and other areas.
Remember: Only use real, brewed vinegar for all infused vinegar recipes. Ordinary store-bought white vinegar is just lab-created Acetic Acid diluted to 5%. It doesn’t have the same richness of composition or balance of acids as real brewed vinegar or the same sustainability. Try these recipes with other base vinegar, too, such as apple cider and rice wine!
Here is my exact recipe, for those that want to try it at home.
My Four Thieves Vinegar Recipe:
Approximately the same sized twig piece of each:
four cloves garlic (slightly crushed to release the allicin)
3 bay leaves
4 small pieces cinnamon bark
Place ingredients in old, clean, spaghetti jar. Fill remainder of jar with white wine vinegar, stir to get rid of bubbles. Add lid, and place in sunlight, like windowsill. Herbs will lose color after a few days. Then you filter and can add a bit more herbs for a really strong batch.
Filter out completely in a few weeks; bottle and label.
Originally raised in the Catholic faith, Papa Newt began his journey into magic and the occult at the early age of 11. Over the years of being self taught, and many trials and errors, Papa Newt continued his studies and providing services for close family, friends, and those who had learned of the help he has provided.
Certified in Neuro-Linguistic Programming, or NLP, and a graduate of the Hoodoo Correspondence Course by Catherine Yronwode. Through spirit, Papa Newt strives to help you conjure possibilities.
There will also be the astrology forecast for the week to come, and if the gods of wireless technology are kind, Oro may join us for a short howdy-do from Oregon gold camp.
Friend & Follow On:
What a great way to kick off the month of July on Candeolo’s Corner on KDCL Media.
‘Miss Cat’ has been a reader and rootworker for most of her life. She is a writer, teacher, graphic artist, web designer, perfumer, and herbalist, a minister and a member of the Board of Bishops of Missionary Independent Spiritual Church, a founding member of AIRR, and a member of the board of directors of the Yronwode Institution for the Preservation and Popularization of Indigenous Ethnomagicology (YIPPIE). I am a pastor at the Crystal Silence League and am listed at Hoodoo Psychics. Along with her husband, Nagasiva she owns the Lucky Mojo Curio Company, manufactory for spiritual supplies.
She is also host of the Lucky Mojo Hoodoo Rootwork Hour on BTR, and the author of many books including Throwing The Bones, and The Art of Hoodoo Candle Magic.
KDCL Media & Candelo’s Corner offer a SPECIAL gift to our faithful listeners. In celebration of the second anniversary of Candelo’s Corner tonight we welcome a lineup of talented diviners.
Tata ConjureMan Ali using the traditional divination tools of Kimbanda.
Dr. E, The Conjure Doctor will read ‘dem bones’ and Tarot.
Tata Candelo Kimbisa will be using the traditional divinatory tools of Palo to pass along the messages from his own nfumbe to you.
An exciting week ahead on KDCL Media starting with Egun And Then Some… on Sunday 8pm est. Miss Paula, Oro Shango, and Tata Candelo Kimbisa will be passing on messages from Egun, Ancestors and Nfumbe to our listeners that call in and raise their hand.
Monday at 8pm est on Candelo’s Corner, Tata Candelo’s special guest will be ConjureMan Ali, a Tata in the Quimbanda tradition and author of a new book at Hadean Press, Santisima Muerte: How to Call and Work with Holy Death and the launch of his new website on the Quimbanda tradition, The House of Quimbanda.
The rest of the week is full of good stuff, too.
Tuesday 8pm est we’re doing a replay of the pilot for a new show, Oro Expeditions And Then Some… Our premier show will be March 5th at 8pm est, and we’ve already got a great guest from one of the expeditions lined up.
Over The Road is our show on Wednesdays at 8pm est. Oro (Sneaky Snake) and Miss Paula (Blue Witch) ran team over the road for 10 years. Oro still trucks while Miss Paula produces radio shows, and we wanted a show about, by and for the over the road driver and their families. Babies are the only thing not delivered by truck.
KDCL Media teams up with The H20 Network on Thursday and Friday. Thursdays at 8pm est After Dark with Miss Paula and Dia Nunez talk about lunar cycles, planetary energy and its effects, crystals, herbs and much more.
Friday at 10am est Miss Paula and Dia pour a little brew out of the Krones’ Kauldron for a little witchy woman back porch conversation. So pour a big ol’ mug of your favorites morning beverage and join us.
Brother Ash, a sorcerer based out of Richmond, Virginia, works with Hoodoo, which was learned from his mother, who learned it from her grandmother from Mississippi. He “works with both hands”.
A “straight no chaser” type of magician, his primary focus in practice and for his blog is results based sorcery. He experiments and if it works he keep it, if it doesn’t he tweaks it until it does or move on. Results are what matter.
The aim is to do his best to present his views on the art of sorcery and give clear instruction on methods that can be reproduced by those willing to roll up their sleeves and do the work.
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